the distaff and
make the spools of threads,
and the "ball
Vimoutiers obtained the right to mark/stamp its fabrics.
"Comes then to Vimonasterian
traders, the idea that our borough should have a diligence to reach
the main roads. But it meant to brave the hillsides of la
Hunière, la Bergerie or the trail of Livarot. They try to carry out
their project and a first transport attempts vainly to link
Vimoutiers to Bernay. An inhabitant, Mr Vicaire, tries to organize
another one from Vimoutiers to Lisieux, but he must give up,
considering the bad state of the trails"JB...
However Vimoutiers suffers from
difficult supplies whereas Bernay and Orbec produce flax at much
better cost for the town of Lisieux. And
although Nicolas Lecoq opened in Vimoutiers a store supplied twice
the week in flax which he finds in Lisieux,
it is not sufficient.
..."The idea comes to Mr Billon to go and
seek flax by stage-coach in Flanders. But he does not dare to launch
out in this adventure : he fears the state of these ways which made
Vicaire miscarry on a much shorter course. And then maps
are scarce, not very precise. At this time arrives to the borough
the providential man :
Mr Rosey, who returns from America
... yes, from America ! ... It
is difficult to imagine now what that represented then. Billon
talks to him about his project. Rosey
decides to try the adventure with him. They leave both
and the inhabitants await them in the fever...
triumph on their return ! What a welcome when their five horses
pulled stage-coach, charged with flax, descends the
slope of La Bergerie !"
Their example is soon followed. The flax being supplied, if not at better cost at least in
necessary quantity, stores prosper.
"Thence everywhere in
our borough and campaigns, one could see grandmothers distaff in hand and the foot on the pedal of the
young girls and boys busy with the reel or making blades.
One could hear the rotation of the warping frame and the sound of the
shuttle activated by the father or the mother ... Thus everyone works
under the same roof with family... "sic
From now on, the fabrics of Vimoutiers
are either sold in the Halle or brought directly to Paris.
From 1780, Sainte-Anne, patroness of the
textile merchants, is celebrated. It is a great festival, one sings, one dances and
poor or rich, everyone takes part in it. In the 1780's, it
is nearly 6000 pieces which are sold annually on the place of Paris
and as an example, in 1789, more than 4.000 pieces are
exhibited in the Halle of Vimoutiers.
Pictures of Vimoutiers in a "basin"