La Halle inaugurated in 1848
as the canvas market
Vimoutiers canvas markets
Initially in the
open air, the trade are held later in a small market at the very
emplacement of the Grelbin House,
on the place vis-a-vis the communal
oven, where the bread of the population is baked.
In 1718, the
monks build a large market out of wooden, coupled with the Market of
Just like for the use
of the communal oven or the mills, the monks charge a duty on each
sale, the droit de Halle.
In 1789, the market building is put up
for compulsory sale as ecclesiastical property and the township
From 1803, the Market buidling being again too exiguous, the wholesales of
cretonnes are held in the vault of the Hospice while waiting for the
demolition and the rebuilding of the Market
In 1840, the number of fabrics brought
to the Market is such that a part of the Butcheries market, known as la cohue,
must be assigned to this trade.
In 1846, a large
canvas market is started to replace the once more too
small current one ... It is inaugurated in 1848.
Stamps of the fabrics of Vimoutiers
Toile de Vimoutiers
Circa 1728, in order to acquire their
independence with respect to Lisieux, Vimonasteriens apply for an
"office of visit" with right to mark/stamp the fabrics manufactured
in the surroundings and sold in their market canvas building. They
specify that their manufacture is amply sufficient to justify such
an office ... The intendant of Alençon accepts this point of view
and Vimoutiers becomes independent, with
its office of visit, its marks, its "aulneurs" (measurers), its
sworn-keepers. Each manufacturer pays 20 "pounds" per annum
for the office open on May 5th, 1729".JB
In 1733 and 1734, regulation laws
determine the widths, the number of warp-threads and the quality of
the fabrics, and the regulation of January
14, 1738 stipulates that cretonnes must be of pure flax,
advantageous requirement for Vimoutiers of which the cretonnes of
this very quality, are already truly in vogue.
On December 30, 1766, an ordinance
defines the mark of the "Fabrics of Vimoutiers" : two royal sticks
In 1782, a law of the Council determines
what Cretonne fabrics must be : Wowen Fabrics of flax of Vimoutiers.
: Jean Bard, Brion,
A.Pernelle,C.Gautier, J.Chennebois, M.Campion,
Sources and bibliography