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 of Pays d'Auge


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Maison Grelbin


La Halle inaugurated in 1848

as the canvas market


Vimoutiers canvas markets


Initially in the open air, the trade are held later in a small market at the very emplacement of the Grelbin House, on the place vis-a-vis the communal oven, where the bread of the population is baked.

In 1718, the monks build a large market out of wooden, coupled with the Market of butcheries : map 1779

Just like for the use of the communal oven or the mills, the monks charge a duty on each sale, the droit de Halle.

In 1789, the market building is put up for compulsory sale as ecclesiastical property and the township buys it.
From 1803, the Market buidling being again too exiguous, the wholesales of cretonnes are held in the vault of the Hospice while waiting for the demolition and the rebuilding of the Market in 1813.

In 1840, the number of fabrics brought to the Market is such that a part of the Butcheries market, known as la cohue, must be assigned to this trade.

In 1846, a large canvas market is started to replace the once more too small current one  ... It is inaugurated in 1848.




Stamps of the fabrics of Vimoutiers

source J.Bard




Toile de Vimoutiers



The brands 


Circa 1728, in order to acquire their independence with respect to Lisieux, Vimonasteriens apply for an "office of visit" with right to mark/stamp the fabrics manufactured in the surroundings and sold in their market canvas building. They specify that their manufacture is amply sufficient to justify such an office ... The intendant of Alençon accepts this point of view and Vimoutiers becomes independent, with its office of visit, its marks, its "aulneurs" (measurers), its sworn-keepers. Each manufacturer pays 20 "pounds" per annum for the office open on May 5th, 1729".JB


In 1733 and 1734, regulation laws determine the widths, the number of warp-threads and the quality of the fabrics, and the regulation of January 14, 1738 stipulates that cretonnes must be of pure flax, advantageous requirement for Vimoutiers of which the cretonnes of this very quality, are already truly in vogue.

On December 30, 1766, an ordinance defines the mark of the "Fabrics of Vimoutiers" : two royal sticks in saltire.
In 1782, a law of the Council determines what Cretonne fabrics must be : Wowen Fabrics of flax of Vimoutiers.



Sources:*translated from JB/B/AP/CG/JC/MC/AB : Jean Bard, Brion, A.Pernelle,C.Gautier, J.Chennebois, M.Campion, Alfred Bell

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